The Impact of High-Net-Worth Migrants on Local Economies

Empire Global
3 min readMay 16, 2024


Through Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programs, high-net-worth migrants are having a substantial economic impact on the communities they move to, in addition to simply changing their postal codes. This piece explores how these wealthy people stimulate local market diversification, economic growth, and revolutionary development in their new communities.

Capital Influx and Real Estate Development

When high-net-worth individuals move to a new country, they bring substantial capital with them. This influx of funds is typically invested in real estate, which not only bolsters the property market but also benefits the construction industry and related sectors. For instance, in countries like Portugal and Spain, foreign investment has led to a revitalization of previously declining urban areas, driving up property values and spurring new development projects.

Boosting Local Employment

The presence of high-net-worth individuals often leads to job creation. By investing in local businesses and starting new ventures, these migrants directly influence the employment landscape. From luxury retail outlets to bespoke service providers, the demand for high-end goods and services increases, creating jobs and enhancing skills in the local workforce.

Technological and Cultural Exchange

These migrants often bring innovative ideas and diverse cultural perspectives that enrich the local business ecosystem. Their networks and knowledge can help forge connections that might not otherwise be available, facilitating technological transfer and international collaborations. For example, many tech entrepreneurs from Silicon Valley who have relocated to New Zealand have fostered a burgeoning tech industry in the region.

Sustainable Development Initiatives

High-net-worth individuals are increasingly concerned with sustainability and are often willing to invest in green initiatives. Whether it’s renewable energy projects, sustainable agriculture, or eco-friendly real estate developments, their investments can help propel a shift towards more sustainable practices within the economy.

Challenges and Considerations

While the economic benefits are substantial, there are challenges too. The influx of wealthy individuals can sometimes lead to increased property prices, which might adversely affect residents. Moreover, their presence must be seamlessly integrated into the local culture and economy to avoid social divisions and ensure mutual benefits.

Regulatory Framework and Legal Oversight

Effective legal frameworks are essential to ensure that the benefits of high-net-worth migration are maximized. These frameworks should facilitate investment and integration, while also safeguarding the interests of the existing residents. Countries successful in attracting and integrating high-net-worth individuals have robust legal systems that not only protect new investors but also promote transparency and fairness.

Looking Ahead: Sustainable Economic Growth

The key to sustainable growth is to leverage the assets and capabilities of these high-net-worth migrants while ensuring that their presence positively impacts all sectors of society. Policymakers must craft strategies that balance economic benefits with social welfare, ensuring that the prosperity generated by these individuals is shared widely.

A Mutual Journey Towards Prosperity

High-net-worth migrants have a significant and varied impact on local economies through Citizenship by Investment programs. These people have the potential to significantly accelerate sustainable development, cultural enrichment, and economic growth when given the right laws and policies. Focus should continue to be placed on developing inclusive strategies that maximize this potential for the benefit of all parties involved as countries and communities navigate this changing environment.



Empire Global

Global Professional Consultancy Services Firm providing an array of specialized services to clients from all around the world.